Endometriosis is a painful disease that affects millions of women worldwide and quite a few in the Middle East too. It is estimated that 1 in 10 women is affected by endometriosis during reproductive years and approximately 30–50% of women with endometriosis will experience infertility. It is a condition in which tissue that normally grows inside the endometrial cavity grows outside it and can lead to severe pain during menstrual periods and chronic pain in the lower back and pelvis, often disabling. But that’s not all. It leads to infertility in a majority of cases. While a large part of the affected women are living with this medical condition – they only wake up to it when facing challenges in conception. It is then, that couples turn to IVF or reproductive medicine for treatment.